Given its diverse mountainous terrain as well as its lakes, forests, coasts, and rivers, BC has been long enjoyed for pursuits such as camping and hiking, mountaineering and climbing, and fishing and hunting. Both non-motorized and motorized, water sports are being enjoyed in many places. The opportunities for sea kayaking abound on the British Columbia coast with its fjords. Kayaking and whitewater rafting are famous on many rivers inland. Sailboarding and sailing are largely enjoyed.

During winter, telemark and cross-country skiing are much enjoyed, and in the recent decades, the high quality downhill skiing is developed in the Rockies and Coast Mountain range, as well as in the southern areas of the Columbia Mountains and Shuswap Highlands. Snowboarding has mushroomed in its popularity starting the early 1990s. The downhill events of “2010 Winter Olympics” were held on the province’s Whistler Blackcomb area, while the indoor events have been conducted in some area of Vancouver.

In Victoria and Vancouver, opportunities for bicyclists and joggers were developed. Bike touring in cross-country has been famous since the 10 speed bike has become available several years ago. Starting the advent of mountain bike that is more robust, trails in wilder or more rugged places have been developed for them. Some of the retired rail beds of the province have been maintained and converted for biking, cross-country skiing and hiking. Longboarding is also a famous activity due to the hilly geography of the region.

The horseback riding is being enjoyed by many of the British Columbians. Trail riding opportunities were established for tourists in countless areas of the province. The province has also strong participation levels in some other sports which include tennis, golf, hockey, soccer, rugby union, Canadian football, softball, figure skating, curling, baseball, basketball and lacrosse. British Columbia has produced many of the excellent athletes, especially in winter and aquatic sports. Being consistent with both increased participation and increased tourism in varied recreations by the British Columbians were the proliferation of chalets, lodges, motels, bed and breakfast, hotels, park camping and fishing camps facilities in recent decades.

In particular areas, there are non-profits societies, businesses or municipal governments that are dedicated in ecotourism promotion in their region. A number of farmers in British Columbia are offering the visitor in combining the tourism with farm work.


BC has a history of being an economy that is dominated in resource, centered on the industry of forestry but also with the fluctuating significance of mining. In the resource sector, employment has steadily fallen, and new jobs are commonly in the service and retail, and construction sectors. It has now the highest percentage of the jobs in the service industry in the west as it comprises 72 percent of the industry. The biggest section of this employment is in Real Estate, Insurance, Corporate Management and Finance. However, many of the areas outside the metropolitan areas are still reliant heavily on the resource extraction. With the film industry being known as the Hollywood North, the region of Vancouver is North America’s 3rd largest film production, after New York City and Los Angeles.

British Columbia’s economic history is replete with tales of the dramatic downswings and upswings, and this bust and boom pattern has been influencing the business, politics and culture climate of the province. Economic activity in relation to mining specifically has largely fluctuated with changes in the commodity prices through time, with the documented costs to the community health.

British Columbia

British Columbia, also usually referred to by its initials as BC, is a province that is located in Canada’s west coast. It is also a component of the Pacific Northwest, together with the United States of Washington and Oregon. The name of the province was selected in 1858 by Queen Victoria, which reflects its origin being the British remainder of the Columbia District of the Bay Company of Hudson. In 1871, it has become the 6th province of Canada.

Victoria is the capital of British Columbia, the Canada’s 15th largest metropolitan, named for the Queen who made the British Columbia Colony. Vancouver is the largest city, the Canada’s 3rd largest metropolitan area and it is the 2nd largest in the Pacific Northwest. British Columbia has population of approximately 4,606,371 in October 2013. It is currently being governed by British Columbia Liberal Party led by Premier Christy Clark, who has become leader as a result of convention vote for leadership on February 26, 2011, and leading her party to the election victory on May 14, 2013.

The province evolved from the British possessions being established in what is now called as British Columbia by 1871. The land’s original inhabitants, First Nations, had a history for at least 10,000 years in the area. The policy to ignore First Nations taking over and rights, without having any type of arrangement or treaty, has consistently been raised by the First Nations. These days, there some treaty and the long ignored question of the Aboriginal Title became an essential political and illegal question, as a result of the court actions recently. The Tsilhqot’in Nation has notably established the Aboriginal title to their territory’s portion, as a result of the current decision of “the Supreme Court of Canada”

The economy of British Columbia is widely resource based which is the endpoint of the major Pacific ports site and the transcontinental railways. It is enable the international trade. Even though there are less than 5 percent of its massive land of 944,735 square kilometers is arable, British Columbia is rich in agriculture due to the milder weather in particular southern sheltered valleys and near the coast. The climate is encouraging the tourism and outdoor recreation, although the mainstay economically has been long resource extraction, primarily farming, mining and logging.

Vancouver, the largest city and metropolitan area of British Columbia, also serves as many western-based headquarters of the natural resource companies. It also profits from a per capita income and a strong house market well beyond the national average. While the coast and specific valleys of BC’s south-central part have mild weather and most of the land mass is experiencing a cold climate similar to all other part of Canada, especially the northern interior region which has a subarctic climate with a really cold winter.